تبلیغات
bistnahwiiglyc - Download torrent Symmetry in Science and Art

Download torrent Symmetry in Science and Art

نویسنده : Michelle Webb یکشنبه 28 تیر 1394 04:20 ب.ظ  •   

Symmetry in Science and Art by A Shubnikov

Symmetry in Science and Art
---------------------------------------------------------------
Author: A Shubnikov
Number of Pages: 446 pages
Published Date: 14 Mar 2012
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Publication Country: New York, United States
Language: English
Format: Pdf
ISBN: 9781468420692
Download Link: Symmetry in Science and Art
---------------------------------------------------------------


The perception of symmetry in art and in nature has been appreciated since antiquity, with development of the underlying laws tracing back at least to Pythagorean times. By the end of the eighteenth century it was realized that the immense variety of natural crystal shapes could be accounted for on the basis of a rather small number of symmetry operations, of which some were equally applicable to biological systems. The mathematical theory of symmetry continued to mature throughout the last century, culminating in the independent discoveries in Russia, Germany, and England that a total of only 230 independent ways exist in which the operations of rotation, reflection, and translation can be combined to transform three-dimensional geometrical objects into themselves. Derivation of the 230 space groups depends ultimately on restricting the meaning of symmetry to that of a property of purely geometrical figures. A. V. Shubnikov and his collaborators, over the past three decades, expanded this concept of symmetry to include the sign of transformation operations.

Read online Symmetry in Science and Art Buy and read online Symmetry in Science and Art Download Symmetry in Science and Art ebook, pdf, djvu, epub, mobi, fb2, zip, rar, torrent Download to iPad/iPhone/iOS, B

آخرین ویرایش: - -

 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر